Offshore Aquaculture Technology Platforms Questionnaire

Name:         Surname:
A . Specific activity area
1) Which of the following best describes your activity area?
     Producer - finfish
     Producer - shellfish
     Representative Organisation
     Professional services
     Design company
2) Which geographic region do you carry out your activities?
     Italy / Sicily / Sardinia
     Malta G.C.
     Greece (Specify Island: )
     Other (Specify: )
B. What is your vision for the development of offshore aquaculture
3) The FAO report predicts that global seafood consumption will be 180 million tonnes by the year 2030. The supply from capture fisheries is expected to remain static at 95 million tonnes. Offshore aquaculture could provide a solution to meeting this global demand. Do you agree?
     Strongly agree
     Strongly disagree
4) What do you consider to be the greatest challenges to the development of offshore aquaculture? (Rank 1 to 5).
    a) Safety
    b) Environmental issues
    c) Ethical issues
    d) Technology
    e) R & D
    f) Weather conditions (exposure)
    g) Bio-security
    h) Cost efficiency
    i) Regulation & planning
    j) Public perception
    k) Other (specify:)
C. Environmental concerns and the issues relating to bio-security in offshore aquaculture production
5) What would you consider are the major impacts of aquaculture on the marine environment? (Rank 1-5).
    a) Nutrient loading
    b) Escapees
    c) Disease
    d) Visual impacts
    e) Waste management
    f) Benthic impacts
    g) Chemical usage
    h) Impact on wildlife
    i) Monitoring capabilities
    j) Sustainable feedstuffs
    k) Wild-farmed interactions
    l) Other (specify:)
6) Do you think that the development of offshore aquaculture would mitigate many of the environmental issues listed above? Yes or No.
     Don't Know
7) In the area of bio-security (fish disease, escapees, health plans, etc.), which of the following would you be most concerned with? (Rank 1-5).
    a) Escapees
    b) Genetic impact
    c) Disease
    d) Husbandry
    e) Mortality management
    f) Health Management Plans
    g) Others (specify:)
D. The relevance of current monitoring programmes to offshore aquaculture and what additional monitoring requirements are envisaged
8) Which in your opinion are the key state monitoring requirements in the regulation of offshore aquaculture? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Benthic (seafloor) monitoring
    b) Sea lice monitoring
    c) Fish health monitoring
    d) Biotoxin monitoring
    e) Fallowing
    f) Nutrient monitoring
    g) Audit of operations
    h) Other (specify:)
9) What are the areas where ongoing monitoring is necessary to ensure satisfactory farm management and environmental protection? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Fish feeding rates
    b) Nutrient levels
    c) Fish health status/fish behaviour
    d) Sourcing of stock
    e) Oxygen /temperature levels
    f) Parasite levels
    g) Phytoplankton/zooplankton events
    h) Log book records
    i) Disinfecting plans
    j) Other (specify:)
E. The Regulation and Planning framework
10) Is the legislative framework in place in your country to allow for offshore aquaculture development? (Yes/No)
     Don't know
11) Is the current licensing application process adequate to allow for offshore aquaculture development? (Yes/No)
     Don't know
12) If not, which of the following areas in the licensing process most needs attention? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Length of time for processing license applications
    b) Resource issues
    c) Scoping/assessment process
    d) Duration of license
    e) Responsiveness/feedback process
    f) Site designation/Marine Spatial Planning
    g) E.I.A./E.I.S. process
    h) Public consultation framework
    i) Appeals process
    j) Others (specify:)
13) What do you think are the major factors that must be taken into account in the designation/spatial planning for offshore aquaculture? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Environmental impacts
    b) Better knowledge of resources & resource identification
    c) Regulatory process
    d) One-stop-shop approach to related policy
    e) Consultation frameworks and participatory planning
    f) Others (specify:)
14) In your opinion, should current management frameworks in your region (for example, Area Management Agreements (AMA's), Single Bay Management (SBM), Co-ordinated Local Aquaculture Management Systems (C.L.A.M.S.) be extended to encompass offshore aquaculture, as a forum to help resolve some of these conflict issues? (Yes/No)
     Don't know
F. Public perception - what are the critical areas of concern for you in the culturing of aquaculture species and what areas need greatest attention
15) In your opinion, what areas require most attention to improve the public's perception of the aquaculture industry? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Sustainability
    b) Farmed-wild interaction
    c) Competition for space
    d) Food safety
    e) Environmental impacts
    f) Health benefits of the farmed products
    g) Animal welfare
    h) Visual impacts/aesthetic issues
    i) Others (specify:)
G. Safety requirements in offshore aquaculture
16) What are the greatest issues, in your opinion, relating to safety in offshore aquaculture production? (Rank 1 to 5)
    a) Cage design & equipment
    b) Distance offshore
    c) Accident & emergency services / major accident
    d) Personnel training
    e) Personal equipment
    f) Experience
    g) Boat capabilities
    h) Navigation
    i) Others (specify:)
H. Key technological developments required to support offshore aquaculture
17) What are the broad areas you feel require greatest amount of development to move aquaculture production offshore? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Equipment (cages, nets, moorings, etc.)
    b) Infrastructure (piers, roads, boats, processing plants, etc)
    c) Technology (communications, monitoring, remote access, etc.)
    d) Marine services to offshore operators (veterinary, servicing & maintenance)
    e) New species development and disease research
    f) Others (specify:)
18) Which of the following equipment areas do you think requires greatest development? (Rank 1-5).
    a) Cages
    b) Moorings
    c) Nets
    d) Feed barges
    e) Buoys
    f) Fish handling equipment (pumps, grading, etc.)
    g) Cage lighting
    h) Others (specify:)
19) Which of the following infrastructure developments is in greatest need of improvement to support offshore aquaculture development? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Piers & slipways
    b) Road access
    c) Navigation infrastructure
    d) Boats to access sites / service boats
    e) Processing facilities
    f) Shore storage facilities
    g) Boat maintenance facilities
    h) Aquaculture research facilities
    i) Hatcheries
    j) Well boats
    k) Others (specify:)
20) In which of the following technology areas is development mostly required? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Feeding systems
    b) Communication systems
    c) Environmental monitoring systems & warning systems
    d) Stock monitoring equipment (such as cameras)
    e) Automated cleaning systems
    f) Navigation technology
    g) Mortality management
    h) Harvesting
    i) Others (specify:)
21) In the provision of marine services to operators, what do you perceive as the areas posing the greatest challenges in offshore operations? (Rank 1-5)
    a) Veterinary services
    b) Cage installation & maintenance
    c) Diving services
    d) Well boats
    e) Environmental Impact Assessment (E.I.A.)
    f) Monitoring services
    g) Safety & training
    h) Others (specify:)
I. Potential species for offshore culture and requirements in the area of fish disease research
22) What species do you think is most suitable for culturing in offshore systems in your region? (List top 5)
23) What in your opinion are the commercially important diseases which most require further research, as a support to offshore aquaculture in your region? (List top 3)
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