Ozone is the second most powerful oxidant after fluorine. It is widely used to supplement or replace chlorine in a variety of processes including water treatment, treatment and improvement of the quality of indoor air, plant growth, preservation of fruits and vegetables, etching and cleaning semiconductors, textiles, paper, etc. In addition, ozone leaves no residue after disinfection, as opposed to chlorIne that leaves toxic and environmental and human harmful substances. Current commercial methods for obtaining ozone are mainly based on the generation of a plasma corona through which air is driven, yielding a little ozone concentration of around 3%wt in the resulting gas stream. Other methods for producing ozone are UV bombarding of oxygen -yielding around 0,1 %wt of ozone-, and electrochemical ozone generators -producing higher concentrations, but with the penalty of an enormous power consumption related to the evolution of by-product hydrogen in the electrolysis of water. The proposed system is based on an electrochemical cell, which produces a mixture of oxygen and ozone in an adjustable ratio, and a hydrogen peroxide stream. The final device should meet the following operational targets: Development of a noiseless electrochemical ozone generator using purified water and electrical energy to produce an adjustable ozone/oxygen stream (with up to 18%wt of ozone) and an ozone production rate of up to 20 g/h. To maximise energy efficiency, with an electrical power requirement of less than 2 kW, by depolarising the cell with oxygen at the cathode and thus producing hydrogen peroxide. Costs of manufacture to enable a market price between 8k and 10k. The resulting device must be compact, versatile, and easy to maintain to facilitate its use in the many applications where ozone and hydrogen peroxide are required.
Project reference: 508718
Programme acronym: FP6-SME
Subprogramme area: SME-1
Contract type: SMEs-Co-operative research contracts
The Objective is "To investigate the opportunity and usefulness for the aquaculture industry of promoting offshore aquaculture through a technological platform". The general methodology of the approach is to form a consortium of service providers, manufacturers, aquaculture practitioners with offshore experience, research and development organisations and agencies from the sector which will pool the available knowledge and experience by the most efficient and practical methods available. The goal is to ensure that the stated objective above is addressed accurately, comprehensively and efficiently. This will be achieved by:
1.A survey by way of a bespoke questionnaire, administered by direct interview. Survey to cover all members of consortium and additional stakeholders in EU/EETA region.
2.Informal seminars in key regions to identify key areas for future discussions.
3.An interim report for circulation in advance of international workshop.
4.International Workshop over two days for partners and stakeholders.
5.A final report, with recommendations and roadmap of wayforward.
Report to reflect the proceedings of the workshop and the considered views of the partners on the functions of a technology platform is achieving goals set out above.
Programme acronym: FP6-SSM
Subprogramme area: POLICIES-1.3
The research work proposed in the project will aim at developing a low cost ice generating system, which will require low energy consumption for its running and which will be more reduced in size, thus more suited to the needs of small and medium sized fishing vessels: The energy required for the system will be obtained by taking advantage of the heat off the engine via an absorption process. By using such a system it is possible to recover and reuse the thermal energy which is emitted into the atmosph ere to produce ice, thus avoiding the consumption of fuel. In order to generate ice, seawater which has been previously ozonised, will be used thus favouring the conservation of the fish. The ozone is generated on board via an electrochemical process. The system will generate liquid ice. Compared with other ice production systems, the machinery in this system will be of a reduced size and will have a lower production and installation cost. The ice will have a greater thermal transfer, will not harm or damage the skin of the fish, will be transportable via pipes, can be and stored in tanks. A prototype system will be built and validated in a real environment and tested out at sea in order to monitor and improve its performance.
Programme acronym: FP6-INNOVATION
Subprogramme area: INNOVATION-5
The aim of this project is to co-ordinate research on environmental management reform to improve sustainability in the farming, fisheries and aquaculture industries. The specific objectives are to:
- Assemble the latest relevant information on environmental management in the farming, fisheries and aquaculture industries, and to identify key players in the European Research Area, and in INCO countries, to prepare for future projects
- Document the current state-of-the-art, and to acquaint members, and the research community in Europe and in INCO countries, with the latest developments in environmental management research
- Map current research activities
- Identify barriers which prevent effective environmental management and sustainability
- Survey national/European legislation and policies
- Develop a set of guidelines and recommendations of best practice to help decrease the environmental impact of the farming, fisheries and aquaculture industries, and then, aid the implementation of this with implementation workshops
- Provide an on-line European database, linked to existing web sites and databases of specialist groups
- Promote exchange of European researchers
- Promote collaboration with the farming, fisheries and aquaculture industries
- Make recommendations for future research
- Disseminate knowledge via the specialised web site, technology transfer workshops and the staff exchange programme
The main outputs will lead to:
- Synergy in research to reform environmental management
- Increased awareness of the problems faced by scientists, and the industries
- Improved guidelines and recommendations for scientists, the industries and policy makers
Programme acronym: FP6-FOOD
Subprogramme area: FOOD-2005-T184.108.40.206
Contract type: Coordination action
About 75 percent of the world's most valuable marine fish stocks are either fished to the limits or over-fished. At the same time world fish consumption has increased from 45 million tonnes in 1973 to more than 130 million in 2000, with an estimated rising demand in the future. In order to serve this increasing demand on the long run, sustainable alternatives have to be strengthened.
The most promising one is the aquaculture industry, dominated by SMEs (90%), providing more than 60.000 jobs in Europe, including upstream and downstream activities. It has undergone a revolution over the last decades and can now be regarded as a significant segment of the EU economy and global fisheries sector. However, disorientation regarding best practices and the need to be competitive especially against low cost producers from Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean result in an increasing pressure on the aquaculture farms, especially in the case of SMEs. Moreover, several adverse impacts resulting for instance from the discharge of effluents, water extraction, chemical use or genetic releases are opposed to upcoming restrictive European and national environmental and health legislations and demands.
The success of European's aquaculture farmers in the growing global aquaculture market depends in a great measure on farmers' ability to stand the different requirements: to compete with foreign aquaculture products and to respond to European and national political and consumers' quality, environmental and health requirements.
Therefore, the overall objective of the proposed project is to expand the knowledge base of the European freshwater aquaculture farmers by training them mainly in following three clusters of innovation:
(1) Diversification of economical valuable products,
(2) Improving product quality, and
(3) Improving the profitability of production; and with this to improve their overall competitiveness.